HEART ATTACK TREATMENT IN INDIA
heart attack treatment in India-A heart attack (Myocardial Infarction (MI) or Acute Myocardial Infarction (AMI)) is the interruption of blood supply to a part of the heart which causes heart cells to die.
It generally occurs when a blood clot completely obstructs a coronary artery supplying blood to the heart muscle. The blood clot that causes the heart attack usually forms at the site of rupture of a hardened artery, cholesterol plaque on the inner wall of a coronary artery.
HEART ATTACK TREATMENT IN INDIA
The most common symptom of heart attack is chest pain. The risk factors for heart attack include high cholesterol levels, elevated blood pressure, tobacco use, diabetes, male gender, and a family history of heart attacks at an early age.
HEART ATTACK – SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS |heart attack treatment in india
Although chest pain is the most common symptom of a heart attack, there are a variety of symptoms including:
- Pain, fullness, or squeezing sensation of the chest
- Jaw paint, toothache, headache
- Shortness of breath
- Nausea, vomiting
- Arm pain
HEART ATTACK TREATMENT IN INDIA
HEART ATTACK CAUSES
A heart attack happens due to the sudden blockage of the coronary artery carrying oxygen-rich blood to a section of heart. Most heart attacks occur as a result of coronary heart disease (CHD). The most common causes of heart attack include:
Intake of certain drugs, such as cocaine
Emotional stress or pain
Exposure to extreme cold
HEART ATTACK TREATMENT PROCEDURES AT MAX HOSPITALS | heart attack treatment in india
HEART ATTACK TREATMENT IN INDIA
The treatment for a heart attack should start as early as possible in order to ensure minimum damage to heart and brain. In most of the cases, medical professionals begin diagnosis and treatment even before the patient gets to the hospital.
Treatment procedures for heart attack include:
Primary PTCA (Ballooning of occluded artery) is the treatment of choice for heart attack.
Oxygen Therapy is a kind of therapy that provides patient with extra oxygen, which in turn helps his body to work well. Oxygen is supplied to lungs through nasal cannula, face mask, or a small tube inserted into your windpipe.
Aspirin is given immediately after a heart attack to reduce the risk of another heart attack or of the death of cardiac tissue.
Nitroglycerin is given to reduce your heart’s workload and improve blood flow through the coronary arteries.
Medicines such as Beta blockers, ACE inhibitors, Anticoagulants, Anticlotting medicines etc.
Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is used to treat heart attack in which a surgeon removes a healthy artery or vein from the body and connects it to the blocked vein or artery.
Angioplasty is a non-surgical procedure which aims at the opening of blocked or narrowed coronary arteries. This procedure is also called percutaneous (per-ku-TA-ne-us) coronary intervention, or PCI.
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When to see a doctor
Act immediately. Some people wait too long because they don’t recognize the important signs and symptoms. Take these steps:
Call for emergency medical help. If you suspect you’re having a heart attack, don’t hesitate. Immediately call local emergency number. If you don’t have access to emergency medical services, have someone drive you to the nearest hospital.heart attack treatment in india
Drive yourself only if there are no other options. Because your condition can worsen, driving yourself puts you and others at risk.
Take nitroglycerin, if prescribed to you by a doctor. Take it as instructed while awaiting emergency help.
Take aspirin, if recommended. Taking aspirin during a heart attack could reduce heart damage by helping to keep your blood from clotting.
Aspirin can interact with other medications, however, so don’t take an aspirin unless your doctor or emergency medical personnel recommend it. Call for emergency help first.heart attack treatment in india
What to do if you see someone having a heart attack
If you encounter someone who is unconscious, first call for emergency medical help. Then begin CPR to keep blood flowing. Push hard and fast on the person’s chest — about 100 compressions a minute. It’s not necessary to check the person’s airway or deliver rescue breaths unless you’ve been trained in CPR.
Preparing for your appointment | heart attack treatment in india
A heart attack usually is diagnosed in an emergency setting. However, if you’re concerned about your risk of heart attack, see your doctor to check your risk factors and talk about prevention. If your risk is high, you may be referred to a heart specialist (cardiologist).
Here’s some information to help you prepare for your appointment.
What you can do |heart attack treatment in india
Be aware of pre-appointment restrictions. When you make the appointment, ask if there’s anything you need to do in advance, such as restrict your diet. For a cholesterol test, for example, you may need to fast beforehand.
Write down your symptoms, including any that seem unrelated to coronary artery disease.
Write down key personal information, including a family history of heart disease, stroke, high
blood pressure or diabetes, and recent major stresses or recent life changes.
Make a list of medications, vitamins and supplements you’re taking.
Take someone along, if possible. Someone who accompanies you may remember something you miss or forget.heart attack treatment in india
Be prepared to discuss your diet and exercise habits. If you don’t follow a diet or exercise routine, be ready to talk to your doctor about challenges you might face in getting started.
Write down questions to ask your doctor.heart attack treatment in india
Preparing a list of questions can help you make the most of your time with your doctor. Some basic questions to ask your doctor about heart attack prevention include:
What tests do I need to determine my current heart health?
What foods should I eat or avoid?
What’s an appropriate level of physical activity?
How often should I be screened for heart disease?
I have other health conditions. How can I best manage these conditions together?
Are there brochures or other printed material that I can have?
What websites do you recommend?
Don’t hesitate to ask other questions, as well.
What to expect from your doctor
Your doctor is likely to ask you a number of questions, including:
Have you had symptoms of heart disease, such as chest pain or shortness of breath? If so, when did they begin?heart attack treatment in india
Do these symptoms persist or come and go?
How severe are your symptoms?
What, if anything, seems to improve your symptoms? If you have chest pain, does it improve with rest?
What, if anything, worsens your symptoms? If you have chest pain, does strenuous activity make it worse?
Do you have a family history of heart disease or heart attacks?
Have you been diagnosed with high blood pressure, diabetes or high cholesterol?
What you can do in the meantime
It’s never too early to make healthy lifestyle changes, such as quitting smoking, eating healthy foods and becoming more physically active. These are primary lines of defense against having a heart attack.heart attack treatment in india
Tests and diagnosis
Treatments and drugs
Lifestyle and home remedies
Coping and support
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